Toefl Reading Practice
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Soal Toefl Reading Practice Section 3
The Reading Comprehension section contains reading passages and questions about the passages. The questions are about information that is stated or implied in the passage and about some of the specific words in the passages. Because many English words have more than one meaning, it is important to remember that these questions concern the meaning of a word or phrase within the context of the passage.
Answer all questions about the information in a passage on the basis of what is stated orimplied in that passage.
Read the following passage:
The railroad was not the first institution to impose regularity on
society, or to draw attention to the importance of precise
timekeeping. For as long as merchants have set out their wares at
daybreak and communal festivities have been celebrated, people
have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of
day. The value of this tradition is today more apparent than ever.
Were it not for public acceptance of a single yardstick of time,
social life would be unbearably chaotic: the massive daily transfers
of goods, services, and information would proceed in fits and
starts; the very fabric of modern society would begin to unravel.
What is the main idea of the passage?
- In modern society we must make more time for our neighbors.
- The traditions of society are timeless.
- An accepted way of measuring time is essential for the smooth functioning of society.
- Society judges people by the times at which they conduct certain activities.
The main idea of the passage is that societies need to agree about how time is measured in order to function smoothly. Therefore, you should choose answer C.
In line 6, the phrase "this tradition" refers to
- the practice of starting the business day at dawn
- friendly relations between neighbors
- the railroad's reliance on time schedules
- people's agreement on the measurement of time
The phrase "this tradition" refers to the preceding clause, "people have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of day." Therefore, you should choose answer D.
Now begin work on the questions.
The Alaska pipeline starts at the frozen edge of the Arctic Ocean.
It stretches southward across the largest and northernmost state in
the United States, ending at a remote ice-free seaport village nearly
800 miles from where it begins. It is massive in size and extremely
complicated to operate.
The steel pipe crosses windswept plains and endless miles of
delicate tundra that tops the frozen ground. It weaves through
crooked canyons, climbs sheer mountains, plunges over rocky
crags, makes its way through thick forests, and passes over or
under hundreds of rivers and streams. The pipe is 4 feet in diameter,
and up to 2 million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil can
be pumped through it daily.
Resting on H-shaped steel racks called "bents," long sections of
the pipeline follow a zigzag course high above the frozen earth.
Other long sections drop out of sight beneath spongy or rocky
ground and return to the surface later on. The pattern of the
pipeline's up-and-down route is determined by the often harsh
demands of the arctic and subarctic climate, the tortuous lay of the
land, and the varied compositions of soil, rock, or permafrost
(permanently frozen ground). A little more than half of the pipeline
is elevated above the ground. The remainder is buried anywhere
from 3 to 12 feet, depending largely upon the type of terrain and
the properties of the soil.
One of the largest in the world, the pipeline cost approximately
$8 billion and is by far the biggest and most expensive construction
project ever undertaken by private industry. In fact, no single
business could raise that much money, so 8 major oil companies
formed a consortium in order to share the costs. Each company
controlled oil rights to particular shares of land in the oil fields and
paid into the pipeline-construction fund according to the size of its
holdings. Today, despite enormous problems of climate, supply
shortages, equipment breakdowns, labor disagreements, treacherous
terrain, a certain amount of mismanagement, and even theft, the
Alaska pipeline has been completed and is operating.
PRACTICE QUESTIONS (Soal Toefl Reading Practice dan Jawaban)
- The passage primarily discusses the pipeline's
- operating costs
- The word "it" in line 4 refers to
- According to the passage, 84 million gallons of oil can travel through the pipeline each
- The phrase "Resting on" in line 13 is closest in meaning to
- Consisting of
- Supported by
- Passing under
- Protected with
- The author mentions all of the following as important in determining the pipeline's route EXCEPT the
- lay of the land itself
- local vegetation
- kind of soil and rock
- The word "undertaken" in line 26 is closest in meaning to
- How many companies shared the costs of constructing the pipeline?
- The word "particular" in line 29 is closest in meaning to
- Which of the following determined what percentage of the construction costs each member of the consortium would pay?
- How much oil field land each company owned
- How long each company had owned land in the oil fields
- How many people worked for each company
- How many oil wells were located on the company's land
- Where in the passage does the author provide a term for an earth covering that always remains frozen?
- Line 3
- Line 13
- Line 19
- Line 32
Jawaban Soal Toefl Reading Practice
Penasaran dengan kemampuan anda, setelah mengerjakan soal di atas silahkan cek menggunakan kunci jawaban yang sudah disediakan di bawah ini. Answer Key for Reading Comprehension ini bisa anda gunakan untuk mengukur seberapa jauh kemampuan anda dalam reading.
Section 3 — Reading Comprehension
Jika anda merasa mengalami kesulitan dengan beberapa soal di atas itu berarti anda masih perlu meningkatkan lagi waktu belajar anda. Anda bisa mulai dengan belajar Soal Toefl Reading Practice dan Jawaban dengan berbagai soal yang ada disini, anda juga bisa - jika dirasa siap - untuk belajar dengan mengikuti toefl online.
Banyak yang bilang bahwa jika ingin lolos dengan hasil baik kita harus tahu tips mudah mengerjakan toefl namun pada kenyataannya kemampuan kitalah yang menentukan hasil test tersebut. Jadi cara mudah lulus toefl ya hanya dengan belajar.
Sepertinya TOEFL sudah menjadi hal yang penting saat ini. Sebelum mengikuti tes TOEFL, ada baiknya sobat semua berlatih dulu supaya hasilnya maksimal. Pada pembelajaran kali ini, kita akan belajar mengerjakan Contoh Soal Tes TOEFL Reading Comprehension Lengkap Dengan Kunci Jawaban . Are you ready? Let's start...
Questions 1 through 10 are based on the following passage.
Lichens, of which more than twenty thousand
species have been named, are complex associations
between certain algae. The lichen itself is not
an organism: rather it is the morphological and biochemical
product of the association. Neither a fungus
nor an alga alone can produce lichen.
The intimate relationship between these two
living components of lichen was once erroneously
though to represent mutualism. In mutual relationships,
both participants benefit. With lichens, however,
it appears the fungus actually parasitizes the algae.
This is one of the conclusions drawn from experiments
in which the two components of lichens were separated
and grown apart.
In nature, lichen fungi may encounter and
grow around saveral kinds of algae. Some types of
algae the fungi may kill; other types it may reject.
Lichen algae are autotrophic, meaning they make their
own food through photosynthesis. Lichen fungi are
heterotrophic, meaning they depend upon the algae
within the lichen to supply their food. Up to ninety
percent of than food made by the green alga cell is
transferred to the fungus. What, if anything, the fungus
contributes to the association is not well understood.
Lichens are hardly. The grow in many habitats
and are often pioneers in hostile environments
where few other organisms can flourish.
They have been known to grow
endolithically, having been discovered thriving inside
of rocks in Antartica. Lichen help reduce erosion by
stabilizing soil. Saveral kinds of insects glue lichens to
their exoskeletons for camouflage.
Many species of birds use lichens as building
materials for nests. Human have used lichens for
dyes and antibiotics.
1. Which of the following best describes lichen association?
A. Simple plants made of two different autotrophic organims.
B. A mutual association between a fungus and an alga
C. A parasitic association between two fungi, one autotrophic, the second autotrophic
D. A union between a parasitic fungus and an autotrophic alga
2. The word "hardly" in line 26 is clossest in meaning to
3. In Biology, mutualism occurs when two different organism live close together and
A. One organism parasitizes the other
B. Both organism benefit from the association
C. Both organism are harmed by the association
D. One organism benefits while the other does not or is harmed by the association
4. In line 7, the word "intimate" is nearest in meaning to
5. Lichen serves as camouflage for which of the following?
6. The true nature of the relationship between the lichen components was clarified by
A. Examining lichens with a microscope
B. Observing lichens palced in the dark
C. Observing the lichen component when grown apart
D. Decreasing the amount of nutrients available to the lichens
7. In line 27, the word "hostile" is clossestnin the meaning to
8. An endolithic lichen is one that
A. Grows in the canopies of trees
B. Grows inside rocks
C. Grows at very high altitudes
D. Grows inside other organism, including other lichens
9. Many lichens contribute at the communities they in habits by
A. Removing pollutants from the air
B. Controlling wood-rotting fungi
C. Slowing the spread of viruses
D. Reducing soil erosion
Question 11 through 20 are based on the following passage.
When buying a house, you must be sure to
have it checked for termites. A termite is much like an
ant in its communal habits, although physically the
two insects are distinct.
Like those ants, termite colonies consist of
different classes, each with its own particular job. The
most perfectly formed termites, both male and
female, make up the productive class. They have eyes,
hard body walls and fully developed wings. A pair of
reproductive termites founds the colony. When new
reproductive termites develop, they leave to form
another colony. They use their wings only this on time
and then break them off.
The worker termites are small, blind and
wingless, with soft bodies. They make up the majority
of the colony and do all the work. Soldiers are
eyeless and wingless but are larger than the workers
and have hard heads and strong jaws and legs. They
defend the colony and are cared for by the workers.
The male and female of the reproductive
class remain inside a closed-in cell when the female
lays thousands of eggs. The workers place the eggs
in cell and care for them. Even if one colony is treated
with poison, if a male and female of the reproductive
class escape, they can form a new colony.
Pest control companies can inspect a house
for infestation of termites. Often, of lay person can not
spot the evidence, so it is critical to have the opinion
of a proffesional. Treatments vary depending upon
the type of termite.
10. How are termites like ants?
A. They live in communities, and each class has a specific duty
B. Their bodies are the same shape
C. The king and queen are imprisoned
D. The females' reproductive capacities are the same
11. The word "communal" in line 3 is closest in meaning to
12. Which of the following is not true?
A. All termites have eyes
B. Some termites cannot fly
C. Workers are smaller than soldiers
D. Termites do not fly often
13. In line 4, the word "distinct" is closest in meaning to
C. Genetically related
14. In line 6, "classes" is closest in meaning to
15. Which of the following statements is probably true?
A. Thousands of termites may move together to develop a new colony
B. The male and female reproductions do not venture outdoors except
to form a new colony.
C. There are more soldiers than workers
D. A worker could easily kill a soldier
16. The word "founds" in line 10 is nearest in meaning to
17. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?
A. Termites Destroy Houses
B. Termites Work Well Together
C. The Habits and Physical Characteristics of Termites
D. The relationship of Soldier and Worker Termites
18. The word "each" in line 6 refers to
KUNCI JAWABAN :
1. B 10. A
2. B 11. D
3. B 12. B
4. D 13. B
5. A 14. D
6. C 15. B
7. A 16. A
8. C 17. C
9. D 18. B